fairies don’t exist

Existence First published Wed Oct 10, 2012 Existence raises deep and important problems in metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophical logic. Many of the issues can be organized around the following two questions: Is existence a property of individuals? and Assuming that existence is a property of individuals, are there individuals that lack it? Bertrand […]

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Systems thinking

Systems thinking involves the use of various techniques to study systems of many kinds. In nature, examples of the objects of systems thinking include ecosystems – in which various elements (such as air, water, movement, plants, and animals) interact. In organizations, systems consist of people, structures, and processes that operate together to make an organization “healthy” […]

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cooperative principle

In social science generally and linguistics specifically, the cooperative principle describes how effective communication in conversation is achieved in common social situations, that is, how listeners and speakers must act cooperatively and mutually accept one another to be understood in a particular way. As phrased by Paul Grice, who introduced it, “Make your contribution such […]

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Behavioral economics

Behavioral economics, along with the related sub-field behavioral finance, studies the effects of psychological, social, cognitive, and emotional factors on the economicdecisions of individuals and institutions and the consequences for market prices, returns, and resource allocation, although not always that narrowly, but also more generally, of the impact of different kinds of behavior, in different […]

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the Myth of Race

Uploaded on Jan 31, 2008 One of the leading authorities on race and science, Troy Duster discusses how the understanding of race is being reshaped by the genomics revolution. Sometimes unintentionally and sometimes not so innocently, genomics may be generating a new and more sophisticated racism, not so different from the eugenics-based and criminological racism […]

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the paradox of confirmation

Epistemology: The Paradox of the Ravens Published on Jul 24, 2015 In this video, Marc Lange (UNC-Chapel Hill) introduces the paradox of confirmation, one that arises from instance confirmation, the equivalence condition, and common inference rules of logic. This was solved by Popper: You don’t look for confirming evidence. You look for DIS-confirming evidence, and […]

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Mindfulness

A Multicenter Study of Physician Mindfulness and Health Care Quality Mary Catherine Beach, MD, MPH1⇑, Debra Roter, DrPH1, P. Todd Korthuis, MD, MPH2, Ronald M. Epstein, MD3, Victoria Sharp, MD4, Neda Ratanawongsa, MD, MPH5, Jonathon Cohn, MD6, Susan Eggly, PhD6, Andrea Sankar, PhD6, Richard D. Moore, MD, MHS1 and Somnath Saha, MD, MPH2,7 +Author Affiliations […]

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Social identity theory

A social identity is the portion of an individual’s self-concept derived from perceived membership in a relevant social group.[1] As originally formulated by Henri Tajfel and John Turner in the 1970s and the 1980s,[2] social identity theory introduced the concept of a social identity as a way in which to explain intergroup behaviour.[3][4][5] Social identity […]

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