ethnocentrism

Uploaded on Nov 20, 2011 The lecture of Jerzy Vetulani, “Aggresion and empathy — a surprising mixture”, given during the 15th Kraków Methodological Conference – The Emotional Brain: From the Humanities to Neuroscience and Back Again. The main organizer of the conference was Copernicus Center for Interdisciplinary Studies and its special guest was Joseph LeDoux. […]

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Behavioral economics

Behavioral economics, along with the related sub-field behavioral finance, studies the effects of psychological, social, cognitive, and emotional factors on the economicdecisions of individuals and institutions and the consequences for market prices, returns, and resource allocation, although not always that narrowly, but also more generally, of the impact of different kinds of behavior, in different […]

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Overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM)

Overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) is an inability to retrieve specific memories from one’s autobiographical memory.[1] Instead, general memories are recalled, such as repeated events or events occurring over broad periods. For example, when asked to recall a happy event, a person who exhibits OGM may say, “when I was on vacation last month” instead of […]

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Stroop effect

In psychology, the Stroop effect is a demonstration of interference in thereaction time of a task. When the name of a color (e.g., “blue”, “green”, or “red”) is printed in a color not denoted by the name (e.g., the word “red” printed in blue ink instead of red ink), naming the color of the word […]

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Bounded rationality

Models of Man: Social and Rational by Herbert A. Simon Citation: Herbert A. Simon. Models of Man: Social and Rational. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1957, 279 pp. This book summary written by: Conflict Research Consortium Staff. Models of Man: Social and Rational is, according to the author, a collection of mathematical essays […]

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survivor bias

Lucky people generate their own good fortune via four basic principles. They are skilled at creating and noticing chance opportunities, make lucky decisions by listening to their intuition, create self-fulfilling prohesies via positive expectations, and adopt a resilient attitude that transforms bad luck into good. PSYCHOLOGY OF LUCK This project scientifically explores why some people live such charmed lives, […]

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Ego depletion

Ego depletion refers to the idea that self-control or willpower draw upon a limited pool of mental resources that can be used up.[1] When the energy for mental activity is low, self-control is typically impaired, which would be considered a state of ego depletion. In particular, experiencing a state of ego depletion impairs the ability […]

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Affective neuroscience

People drew maps of body locations where they feel basic emotions (top row) and more complex ones (bottom row). Hot colors show regions that people say are stimulated during the emotion. Cool colors indicate deactivated areas.Image courtesy of Lauri Nummenmaa, Enrico Glerean, Riitta Hari, and Jari Hietanen. Mapping Emotions On The Body: Love Makes Us […]

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Self-determination theory (SDT)

Self-determination theory (SDT) is a macro theory of human motivation and personality that concerns people’s inherent growth tendencies and innate psychological needs. It is concerned with the motivation behind choices people make without external influence and interference. SDT focuses on the degree to which an individual’s behavior is self-motivated and self-determined.[1] In the 1970s, research […]

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