kryptos

In 1988, as a new headquarters for the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was being built in Langley, Virgina, sculptor Jim Sanborn was commissioned to create artwork for the courtyard of the new building. In 1999, a computer scientist named Jim Gillogly announced that he had solved most of the puzzle. There were four distinct […]

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rongorongo

The Bishop questioned the Rapanui wise man, Ouroupano Hinapote, the son of the wise man Tekaki [who said that] he, himself, had begun the requisite studies and knew how to carve the characters with a small shark’s tooth. He said that there was nobody left on the island who knew how to read the characters […]

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Charles Joseph Minard

Charles Joseph Minard (French: [minaʁ]; 27 March 1781 – 24 October 1870) was a French civil engineer recognized for his significant contribution in the field of information graphics in civil engineering and statistics. Minard was among other things noted for his representation of numerical data on geographic maps. Advertisements

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dietary recommendations shaped by the sugar industry

Special Communication | September 12, 2016 Sugar Industry and Coronary Heart Disease Research A Historical Analysis of Internal Industry Documents FREEONLINE FIRST Cristin E. Kearns, DDS, MBA1,2; Laura A. Schmidt, PhD, MSW, MPH1,3,4; Stanton A. Glantz, PhD1,5,6,7,8 [+] Author Affiliations JAMA Intern Med. Published online September 12, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5394 Text Size In the 1950s, disproportionately high rates of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality […]

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the Myth of Race

Uploaded on Jan 31, 2008 One of the leading authorities on race and science, Troy Duster discusses how the understanding of race is being reshaped by the genomics revolution. Sometimes unintentionally and sometimes not so innocently, genomics may be generating a new and more sophisticated racism, not so different from the eugenics-based and criminological racism […]

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Historiography

Historiography is the study of the methodology of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject. The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular sources, techniques, and theoretical approaches. Scholars discuss historiography by topic – such […]

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La historia de π (pi)

“π is wrong!” by Bob Palais appeared in The Mathematical Intelligencer Springer-Verlag New York Volume 23, Number 3, 2001, pp. 7-8. Bob Palais gratefully acknowledges Dr. Chandler Davis, for his encouragement and editorial input. (See also the Wikipedia entry on Dr. Davis.) The most amusing letter to the editor in response stated: “I agree with […]

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Baby boomers

Baby boomers are people born during the demographic post–World War II baby boom approximately between the years 1946 and 1964. This includes people who are between 52 and 70 years old in 2016. According to the U.S. Census Bureau,[2] the term “baby boomer” is also used in a cultural context. Therefore, it is impossible to achieve […]

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Instrumental rationality

Instrumental rationality is a mode of thought and action that identifies problems and works directly towards their solution.[1] Instrumental rationality is often studied as a social phenomenon by sociology, social philosophy and critical theory. Its proponents appear to work largely without reference to the school Instrumentalism, with which it is so closely associated linguistically. Perhaps […]

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